Analysis of 15 REDD+ Preparedness Plans (R-PP) submitted to the FCPF Argentine, Congo, République démocratique du Congo, Costa Rica, Ethiopie, Ghana, Kenya, République démocratique populaire lao, Madagascar, Mexique, Népal


Agence française de développement

Services: Strategic analysis and foresight, Monitoring, evaluation and capitalisation

Countries: Argentine, Congo, République démocratique du Congo, Costa Rica, Ethiopie, Ghana, Kenya, République démocratique populaire lao, Madagascar, Mexique, Népal

Dates of intervention: 2010/03 - 2010/10

Amount executed: 21 750 €
Total amount of the service: 21 750 €

Main backer: Agence française de développement - Client

Main beneficiary: Agence française de développement

Support provider: Olivier BOUYER

Experts: Olivier BOUYER, Maden LE CROM

Certificate of satisfactory executionAnalyse des RPP de l'Argentine, du Ghana, du Mexique, de la RDC et du Surinam

Context of the service

The REDD+ mechanism was officially launched at the Bali Climate Conference in December 2007. It aims to reward tropical countries that reduce their greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation or maintain or even increase their carbon stocks. At the same time, the G8 in Heiligendamm launched the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a multi-donor fund managed by the World Bank. In early 2013, more than 15 developed countries and more than 40 developing countries joined it. To receive FCPF support, a country must submit its REDD+ Preparedness Plan (R-PP). The validation of R-PPs is made on the basis of voting parity between beneficiary developing countries and developed donor countries. Approvals or requests for reformulation of R-PPs must therefore be well motivated, because the decision is no longer made in a traditional development aid framework that is often unilateral, but in a forum open to North-South dialogue. Moreover, criticism must be educational, so as not to discourage developing countries in their efforts.
Indeed, the FCPF has launched a learning process: formulating an R-PP, necessarily multisectoral, is not easy, especially since this R-PP must demonstrate the country's ability to contribute to climate stabilization to expect financial support (obligation of results and no longer of means).
It is therefore with this triple requirement - (i) objectify criticism, (ii) be educational, and (iii) make REDD+ a success shared by the greatest number - that an ad hoc expertise was requested by AFD to analyze the 15 R-PP examined in 2010 by the FCPF Committee of Participants: Argentina (two passages), Congo, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Mexico, Nepal, DRC, Suriname, Tanzania and Viet Nam.

Services provided

The R-PP follow a framework proposed by the FCPF Committee of Participants, with a division into "component". For each R-PP, a detailed analysis of each component was made using key criteria, ultimately allowing to assign for each component a score of 1 (low) to 5 (excellent) and a brief commentary. For each R-PP were issued a four-page summary, an overall score (weighted sum of the scores by component) and a summary opinion summarizing (i) forces, (ii) weaknesses, (iii) corrective action request(s). The criteria used are listed below:
- Component 1a) Institutional Portage of R&P: Structure, Composition, Roles, Decision Making, Schedule,
- Component 1b) Consultation plan: Scope, Consultations made, Content, Methods, Human resources, Taking into account opinions,
- Component 2a) Analysis of the national context: Analysis, Accuracy/Reliability, Capitalization, Methods,
- Component 2b) REDD+ strategic options: relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, coherence, risks,
- Component 2c) Implementation framework: Coordination, Management and distribution of carbon gains, Scale, Legal framework,
- Component 2d) Socio-environmental assessment system: Screening analysis, Methods, Impact reduction,
- Component 3) Modelling of the deforestation scenario: Evaluation of the existing, Consistency of the proposed approach, Credibility, Decision support,
- Component 4) Forest carbon inventory: Integration, Coherence, Methodology, Continuous improvement,
- Component 5) Budget: Clarity, Amount, Self- and co-financing.

Summary of the service

Analysis of 15 REDD+ preparedness plans (R-PP) submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF): Evaluation of each component of R-PP (institutional set-ups, regulatory framework, activities, reference scenarios, spatial land monitoring systems, safeguard clauses, etc.); Synthesis and critical analysis; Recommendations for the consolidation of these R-PP.