Consulting firm specialising in the environment,
agriculture, forestry and rural development

Climate negotiations

The Paris climate Agreement in 2015 showed that international negotiations were complex, sometimes difficult but essential ! Much remains to be done, but we believe in the possibility of collective and concerted action and we support developing countries in this regard.


Issues: The Climate Convention was born at the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992 and acquired an armed wing in 1997 with the Kyoto Protocol, which came into force in 2005. The first commitment period of this Protocol (2008-2012) is far from having completed the challenge, with less than a third of global emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) covered and a modest reduction target ( -5.2% in 2008-2012 compared to 1990). The historical opposition of the United States to any reduction in GHG emissions ("the American lifestyle is non-negotiable!") has often been put forward to explain the low ambition of the Protocol. The reality is less simple: the negotiations involve more than 190 countries with diverse interests (the European Union, the umbrella group, the least developed countries, major emerging countries, etc.) and have become highly complex, far surpassing the climate to stumble on geopolitical issues, and even philosophical ones. The post-2020 agreement in preparation requires strong technical, economic and geopolitical negotiators from the South.

 

Services: Since the Bali Climate Conference in 2007, negotiations have been structured into four themes (mitigation - including REDD+, adaptation, technology transfer, and financing) themselves further divided into sub-themes dealt within two arenas (the Durban Platform, Working Group on future binding commitments of developed countries-AWG-KP). To add to the complexity, these negotiations take place at multiple levels, from the plenary sessions attended by thousands of delegates, to ad hoc groups of "Friends of the Chair" counting a handful of delegates. Our support consists of explaining the operation of these arenas, recalling the history of the debates, presenting the positions of the concerned countries, decrypting the key-issues negotiated and helping developing countries to elaborate their own positions (submission to the Climate Convention, position papers, and statements) and to make strategic alliances with other countries to defend them. Even if our primary focus is on REDD+, we nonetheless follow all the negotiations and have expertise on each, given their strong interdependence.