Supporting the development of a local territory, or supporting the development of a local industry? In the "world village", where trade is increasingly globalised, the chain approach is relevant and we follow it.
Issues: The integrated development projects of local area had their interest and often still do. However, in a world where the cocoa produced by an Ivorian peasant may be priced on the London Stock Exchange, transformed in the United States, and finally consumed in Japan, it is often relevant to understand the functioning of a chain, to help producers (farmers, ranchers, charcoal producers, etc.) and local intermediaries to come out on top. Even for locally produced and consumed products, the chain analysis is also full of interest: share of margins and revenues among actors, accessibility and availability of food crops and livestock products for food security, firewood and charcoal for energy supply, impact on rural development (income, employment, land-use planning) and the trade balance, etc. The difficulty of the analysis lies in the crossing of various data: technical, economic, political, and regulatory, at scales ranging from the size of a village to the world itself!
Services: To help both local operators to live off their activities (crop production, livestock breeding, charcoal production, marketing of products) and the State to ensure food sovereignty and fight against energy insecurity, we carry out chain analysis, using methodologies appropriate to the targeted area, product and scale of analysis. Our recommendations can be technical (to improve cropping techniques, transformation processes, etc.), economic (to create a price observatory, to develop new market segments, to sign inter-professional agreements to consolidate or revise the share of chain margins, etc.), strategic (to understand the challenges of organic farming, fair trade, labelling, the operations of agricultural stock exchanges and future markets, the negotiations and agreements of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), etc.) or political (to review the development priorities, to redeploy human or budget resources, to set up regulatory or fiscal measures, whether to incentivise or to prescribe actions, etc.).