One in nine people in the world is undernourished. To end world hunger by 2030 is the second sustainable development Goal of the UN. Developing countries need, more than ever, strong and ambitious agricultural policies. We participate in this effort.
Issues: To talk about agriculture in the broadest sense, is to talk about food crops and cash crops, livestock, forestry, fisheries and, more generally, land-use planning, employment and incomes. Contrary to developed countries where their numbers are steadily declining, farmers constitute the majority of the labour force in developing countries and their activity is often one of the country's primary sources of wealth. Faced with deregulation of the economy and the globalisation of trade, climate change, unprecedented population growth, and a variety of structural constraints (poor access to inputs and formal credit, land tenure insecurity, poorly developed mechanisation and motorisation, limited agriculture research and extension, etc.), the agricultural sectors in developing countries suffer. The multiplication of international decisions on the subject (the Maputo Declaration, the New Partnership for Africa's Development, conclusions of the G8 agriculture, etc.) is proof of it. Sound and ambitious agricultural policies, that are adapted to contemporary challenges, are needed now more than ever.
Services: To develop an agricultural policy requires understanding the functioning, strengths and weaknesses of key sub-sectors at the appropriate scale, including the analysis of the rationales of the actors within. It also requires an understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of all of farming’s support functions: agricultural and zoo-technical research, agricultural education, extension, farm advisory, rural finance, land tenure, input markets (fertilisers, seeds, tools, veterinary products, etc.), domestic and international markets for agricultural products, etc. Last but not least, in an open international economy, it means being able to link these local analyses to global analyses (commodity prices, Economic Partnership Agreements, the rules of the World Trade Organization, Codex Alimentarius, Trade Fair, etc.). We provide analysis of these three levels (sub-sectors, support functions, international negotiations and agreements on agriculture) to support governments and devolved or decentralized authorities in the revision or development of their agricultural policies.