Over 90% of people in developing countries depend on wood as an energy source... But deforestation extends, fossil fuels are becoming more and more expensive and the greenhouse effect worsens: three good reasons why we support the use of wood as a renewable energy source.
Issues: Unlike fossil fuels, wood is a renewable energy source: in a sustainably managed forest, a mature tree cut down is replaced by younger, who will continue to play their role as carbon pump and timber production. The carbon footprint is zero in the medium-term and the wood supply is theoretically infinite. This is evidenced by the popularity of cogeneration or wood heating in the Northern countries. Households in the South are by far the largest consumers of energy wood, firewood or charcoal... but the wood is becoming increasingly rare: the "circles" of deforestation around major cities continue to spread, plunging these urban households in energy insecurity. However, the rooms for manoeuvre exist: sustainable timber production (through afforestation and sustainable management of existing forests), improved yields of carbonisation (dissemination of improved techniques, such as the Casamance kiln), and improved cooking yields (dissemination of improved cookstoves replacing the traditional "three stone" cookstoves).
Services: Our actions target not only the low purchasing power urban populations, but also the rural ones (sometimes also affected by energy insecurity) of developing countries. Supporting the implementation of energy-oriented forest plantation projects, we directly participate in the replenishment of renewable biomass sources near consumption centres (mainly urban areas, but also rural ones, industrial sites, etc.). By carrying out socio-economic studies in rural and urban areas, we contribute to a better understanding of the fuelwood supply chains of major cities. Finally, we study the impact of the use of wood energy on deforestation and forest degradation and the role of energy efficiency technologies (improved carbonisation and improved cooking) to avoid emissions of greenhouse gases.